“Water, water everywhere, … none to …” | Deepest water found 1000km down, a third of way to Earth’s core | New Scientist

“Water clearly has a role in plate tectonics, and we didn’t know before how deep these effects could reach,” he says. “It has implications for the origin of water on the planet.” For example, it is possible that Earth had water from day one in the very dust and rocks that first formed it.

https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg23231014-700-deepest-water-found-1000km-down-a-third-of-way-to-earths-core/

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“Primary Water” Takes Second Place @ ESRI UC Map Gallery 2015 – ArcGIS Pro Category

PrimaryWater
Map Gallery
http://www.esri.com/events/user-conference/exhibits/map-gallery

2015 Esri User Conference (UC) July 20-24 in San Diego
http://www.esri.com/events/user-conference

What is GIS
http://www.esri.com/what-is-gis

Winner Notification:

PrimaryWaterUCwinneremail

1

2

3

What is Primary Water?

“A NEW PERSPECTIVE ON SOURCE OF THE POST-NAPA QUAKE WATER”
September 26, 2014

As Solano County enjoys an incredible new flow of water in local creeks after the recent Napa earthquake, experts are speculating what might be the source of this “bonus from nature” LINK . Officials report that at least 200,000 gallons of water per day are flowing from Wild Horse Creek, with many other areas reporting similar phenomena. Water quality tests performed by local public works officials confirm that the new water is pure enough to drink. This new water is being added to municipal drinking water supplies…a great blessing to local residents.
Although federal government geologists report that the new flow of water is likely “shallow groundwater” suddenly released from opening of fractures, other theories exist that offer great hope for a thirsty world.
During a recent interview, Pal Pauer, a respected American hydrologist, stated that this post-earthquake release is an excellent example of “primary water”, which comes not from rain-fed, shallow aquifers, but rather from very deep sources, far below typical aquifer levels. Primary water sources are independent of rainfall, and appear to be virtually unlimited. Although the science of primary water is not widely known, there is much evidence to support its existence.
In fact, a recent study reported in the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN documented the presence of vast quantities of water locked far beneath the earth’s surface. That study confirmed “that there is a very, very large amount of water that’s trapped in a really distinct layer in the deep Earth…[ ]approaching the sort of mass of water that’s present in all the world’s ocean”: LINK
Although primary water originates from geological processes deep within the earth, Pauer said it can be tapped (and has been tapped) for use at or near the surface of the earth. This is because primary water naturally pushes up through fracture zones in the earth’s crust, as illustrated in the diagram above. High pressures in the earth’s mantle make this upward movement of primary water possible and inevitable. It is not necessary to drill hundreds of miles deep in order to [ ]access this abundant [and valuable] resource. In some cases, primary water can be found at the surface of the earth, as demonstrated by many natural springs. Primary water can also be accessed by drilling near the surface (less than 200 feet). In other cases, earthquakes, such as the recent one in Napa, can remove blockages and open channels for primary water. This can facilitate sudden release of this great gift from below.
Pauer points out that there are other indications that the new-found water in Solano County is, indeed, primary water. For example, there were no major reports of sinkholes or subsidence associated with the release. If this massive volume of water had been released from a shallow aquifer an equivalent volume of water would have had to replace the volume withdrawn so rapidly (over 1,000 gallons/minute, which is over 10 times the pre-quake flow). Otherwise, massive sinkholes/subsidence would have appeared. The lack of sinkholes or subsidence indicates that the source of these new waters must not be shallow aquifers, but must be primary in origin, from much deeper, prolific sources. These primary water sources, in fact, were so prolific, they were able to sustain surface stability even as massive volumes of water were released. In situations such as this, as depleted aquifers are replenished by primary water, variations in flow may be expected until equilibrium is reached.
After many decades of successful primary water studies and drilling projects, Pauer has proven that we can ACCESS this abundant source and supplement our current water supply. Primary water may be tapped directly, or may be found commingled with secondary water (e.g. aquifers) fed from atmospheric sources above. As more people become aware of this little-known science, perhaps the Napa earthquake will be remembered for helping us look “down” instead of “up” for solutions to our current, epic drought crisis.

Copyright 2014 Primary Water Institute

http://primarywaterinstitute.org/

Mark F. just solved the “What is Palin conundrum”? Hey Mark F., quit mock’n and start talk’n real solutions!

Relax, Sarah Palin just solved California’s drought crisis – Boing Boing

http://boingboing.net/2015/07/03/relax-sarah-palin-just-solved.html

Jerry Browning The Drought – Smells Of Enron – Free ‘Primary Water’ | fresh water writes

https://freshwaterwrites.wordpress.com/2015/07/01/jerry-browning-the-drought-smells-of-enron-free-primary-water/

Napa 2014 Quake & Primary Water Release

image001

“A NEW PERSPECTIVE ON SOURCE OF THE POST-NAPA QUAKE WATER” September 26, 2014 As Solano County enjoys an incredible new flow of water in local creeks after the recent Napa earthquake, experts are speculating what might be the source of this “bonus from nature” LINK . Officials report that at least 200,000 gallons of water per day are flowing from Wild Horse Creek, with many other areas reporting similar phenomena. Water quality tests performed by local public works officials confirm that the new water is pure enough to drink. This new water is being added to municipal drinking water supplies…a great blessing to local residents. Although federal government geologists report that the new flow of water is likely “shallow groundwater” suddenly released from opening of fractures, other theories exist that offer great hope for a thirsty world. During a recent interview, Pal Pauer, a respected American hydrologist, stated that this post-earthquake release is an excellent example of “primary water”, which comes not from rain-fed, shallow aquifers, but rather from very deep sources, far below typical aquifer levels. Primary water sources are independent of rainfall, and appear to be virtually unlimited. Although the science of primary water is not widely known, there is much evidence to support its existence. In fact, a recent study reported in the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN documented the presence of vast quantities of water locked far beneath the earth’s surface. That study confirmed “that there is a very, very large amount of water that’s trapped in a really distinct layer in the deep Earth…[ ]approaching the sort of mass of water that’s present in all the world’s ocean”: LINK Although primary water originates from geological processes deep within the earth, Pauer said it can be tapped (and has been tapped) for use at or near the surface of the earth. This is because primary water naturally pushes up through fracture zones in the earth’s crust, as illustrated in the diagram above. High pressures in the earth’s mantle make this upward movement of primary water possible and inevitable. It is not necessary to drill hundreds of miles deep in order to [ ]access this abundant [and valuable] resource. In some cases, primary water can be found at the surface of the earth, as demonstrated by many natural springs. Primary water can also be accessed by drilling near the surface (less than 200 feet). In other cases, earthquakes, such as the recent one in Napa, can remove blockages and open channels for primary water. This can facilitate sudden release of this great gift from below. Pauer points out that there are other indications that the new-found water in Solano County is, indeed, primary water. For example, there were no major reports of sinkholes or subsidence associated with the release. If this massive volume of water had been released from a shallow aquifer an equivalent volume of water would have had to replace the volume withdrawn so rapidly (over 1,000 gallons/minute, which is over 10 times the pre-quake flow). Otherwise, massive sinkholes/subsidence would have appeared. The lack of sinkholes or subsidence indicates that the source of these new waters must not be shallow aquifers, but must be primary in origin, from much deeper, prolific sources. These primary water sources, in fact, were so prolific, they were able to sustain surface stability even as massive volumes of water were released. In situations such as this, as depleted aquifers are replenished by primary water, variations in flow may be expected until equilibrium is reached. After many decades of successful primary water studies and drilling projects, Pauer has proven that we can ACCESS this abundant source and supplement our current water supply. Primary water may be tapped directly, or may be found commingled with secondary water (e.g. aquifers) fed from atmospheric sources above. As more people become aware of this little-known science, perhaps the Napa earthquake will be remembered for helping us look “down” instead of “up” for solutions to our current, epic drought crisis. Copyright 2014 Primary Water Institutehttp://primarywaterinstitute.org/

The Drought Solutions Are Multifold & Implementation Nil

“A recent study documented the presence of vast quantities of water locked far beneath the earth’s surface. That study confirmed “that there is a very, very large amount of water that’s trapped in a really distinct layer in the deep Earth… approaching the sort of mass of water that’s present in all the world’s ocean” Scientific American (LINK) http://primarywaterinstitute.org/

Jerry Browning The Drought – Smells Of Enron – Free ‘Primary Water’ | fresh water writes

https://freshwaterwrites.wordpress.com/2015/07/01/jerry-browning-the-drought-smells-of-enron-free-primary-water/

Jerry Browning The Drought – Smells Of Enron – Free ‘Primary Water’

http://www.stevequayle.com/

Tapes reveal Enron’s secret role in California’s power blackouts | Business | The Guardian

http://www.theguardian.com/business/2005/feb/05/enron.usnews

Solutions –

Privatization – Killing Machine | fresh water writes

https://freshwaterwrites.wordpress.com/2015/06/29/privatization-killing-machine/

Privatization – Killing Machine

Forest Thinning and Water…The Connection – American Lands Council http://www.americanlandscouncil.org/forest_thinning_and_water

Primary Water is why we don’t have a water shortage.
WATER IS A RENEWABLE!
http://primarywater.org/

A recent study documented the presence of vast quantities of water locked far beneath the earth’s surface. That study confirmed “that there is a very, very large amount of water that’s trapped in a really distinct layer in the deep Earth… approaching the sort of mass of water that’s present in all the world’s ocean” Scientific American (LINK)
http://PrimaryWaterInstitute.org/

Water Drought Solutions
https://freshwaterwrites.wordpress.com/2015/06/18/hey-moby-lets-stop-shaming-and-begin-reclaiming-we-are-under-a-divide-and-conquer-strategy/

Arid Climate “Crisis” Solution 4:

Other Water Solutions:

Subsurface Drip Irrigation – Rain Bird XFS Subsurface Dripline
XFS Subsurface Dripline
The Copper-Color Outside Ensures the Copper Chip is Inside!
Rain Bird’s copper-colored XFS Dripline with Copper Shield™ for sub-surface drip irrigation is the latest innovation in the Rain Bird Xerigation® Family. Rain Bird’s patent-pending Copper Shield Technology protects the emitter from root intrusion, creating a long-lasting, low maintenance sub-surface drip irrigation system for use under turf grass or shrub and groundcover areas. Having the copper color outside ensures the copper chip is inside and that your dripline is protected from root intrusion.
XFS Dripline with Copper Shield is perfect for small, narrow and tight planting areas, as well as areas with tight curves or many switchbacks. It accepts Rain Bird Easy Fit Compression Fittings, XFF Barbed Insert Fittings and other 17 mm barbed insert fittings.
http://www.rainbird.com/landscape/products/dripline/XFS.htm

Low-tech micro to macro solutions …

Unglazed Clay Pots Create Efficient Drip Irrigation (Video) : TreeHugger
http://www.treehugger.com/green-food/unglazed-clay-pots-create-efficient-drip-irrigation-video.html

Cistern – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A cistern (Middle English cisterne, from Latin cisterna, from cista, “box”, from Greek κίστη kistê, “basket”)[1] is a waterproof receptacle for holding liquids, usually water. Cisterns are often built to catch and store rainwater. Cisterns are distinguished fromwells by their waterproof linings. Modern cisterns range in capacity from a few litres to thousands of cubic metres, effectively forming covered reservoirs.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cistern

Hi-tetch water solutions …

This Tower Pulls Drinking Water Out of Thin Air | Innovation | Smithsonian
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/this-tower-pulls-drinking-water-out-of-thin-air-180950399/?no-ist

A Billboard That Condenses Water From Humidity
http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/green-tech/a8875/a-billboard-that-condenses-water-from-humidity-15393050/

Related:
CALL FOR RECALL OF ANY / ALL STATE PUBLIC SERVANTS WHO DO NO IMPLEMENT THE THREE WATER “CRISIS” SOLUTIONS OUTLINED HERE AT FWW
https://freshwaterwrites.wordpress.com/2014/02/02/call-for-recall-of-any-all-state-public-servants-who-do-no-implement-the-three-water-crisis-solutions-outlined-here-at-fww/